I. Vocabulary

  ( 从中选出一个最佳答案)

1. A good command of English ______ a lot of practice.

A. depends on

B. comes up

C. depend upon

D. comes upon

2. The animal eats, ______ leaves, a great deal of fruits.

A. in addition

B. in adding

C. in addition to

D. in add to

3. He ______ when the train stopped at a small station.

A. got down

B. got up

C. got of

D. got off

4. They refused ______ that a wrong decision had been made.

A. to recognize

B. to realize

C. to know

D. to say

5. They learned the same things, so they could help one another with their homework and ______ it.

A.      talk about

B.      talk at

C.      talk of

D.     talk with

6. She is, ______ , not a good student.

A.      at my mind

B.      to my mind

C.      of my mind

D.     on my mind

7. What you have spent this month ______ $500.

A.      are up to

B.      come to

C.      is to

D.     amounts to

8. Such a machine can make the best ______ about matching the right man with the right woman.

A.      conclusion

B.      theory

C.      idea

D.     decision

9. We haven’t ______ all the difficulties yet.

A.      done without

B.      cut down

C.      gone through

D.     got over

10. ______! There is a bus coming out.

A.      Look around

B.      Look forward

C.      Look out

D.     Look on

11. When the boys got old enough to learn trades in school, we wanted to ______ the old house.

A.      set up

B.      fix up

C.      make up

D.     turn up

12. Never put ______ till tomorrow what you can do today.

A.      out

B.      off

C.      up

D.     forward

13. The captain refused to hand ______ the command of his ship and was killed by the pirate.

A.      out

B.      in

C.      down

D.     over

14. After the American Revolution people from other countries came ______.

A.      in great deal

B.      in great sum

C.      in great numbers

D.     in great amounts

15. The ______ is a piece of land which is away from towns and cities.

A.      space

B.      country

C.      place

D.     village

16. We are bound to separate and say good-bye to each other ______.

A.      sooner and later

B.      later and sooner

C.      sooner or later

D.     later or sooner

17. The lowest 85% percent of the working population ______ just 9% of the total income.

A.      absorbed

B.      accepted

C.      received

D.     tapped

18. They felt rather ______ after they were beaten in the match.

A.      courageous

B.      encouraged

C.      discouraged

D.     encouraging

19. He now felt even more ______ without his friends.

A.      alone

B.      lonely

C.      along

D.     singly

20. You must walk slowly if you want the children to ______ you.

A.      hold on

B.      catch up with

C.      keep up with

D.     put up with

21. Mr. Smith ______ the suggestion that some tapes in our lab should be replaced.

A.      put away

B.      put forward

C.      put out

D.     put down

22. As soon as the little boy ______ his mother, he ran towards her as fast as possible.

A.      caught sight of

B.      got rid of

C.      caught up with

D.     got hold of

23. I went ______ his letter carefully but found no word of encouragement.

A.      off

B.      over

C.      after

D.     into

24. He was able to ______ his anger and avoid a fight.

A.      hold back

B.      keep on

C.      let off

D.     cut out

25. These flowers smell ______.

A.      pleasantly

B.      pleasant

C.      pleasure

D.     pleased

26. If I were you, I wouldn’t believe all these stories—old Bill loves ______ things up.

A.      turning

B.      keeping

C.      making

D.     mixing

27. He turned his head aside and walked straight ______ me.

A.      passed

B.      pass

C.      past

D.     pasted

28. Since Xiao Wang knows smoking does great harm to the health, he has already ______.

A.      given it in

B.      given it up

C.      given it out

D.     given it off

29. I thought it was going to rain but it has ______ fine.

A.      come out

B.      stood out

C.      turned out

D.     brought out

30. John has just ______ the family business from his father.

A.      taken off

B.      taken over

C.      taken on

D.     taken up

31. Many modern factories have been ______ in the country since 1978.

A.      set up

B.      set out

C.      set off

D.     set on

32. If better work gets higher pay, the workers will surely have greater ______ to produce.

A.      intention

B.      incentive

C.      influence

D.     intelligence

33. After several sleepless nights, Mr. Johnson ______ a perfect solution to the financial problems of his company.

A.      put up with

B.      came up with

C.      kept up with

D.     ended up with

34. What caught our sight first was his large collection of books ______ neatly on the shelves.

A.      put out

B.      lain out

C.      laid out

D.     kept up

35. Being poor is no ______ while being dishonest certainly is.

A.      regret

B.      disgrace

C.      respect

D.     dignity

36. He used to have a ______ of stamp-collecting, but he has given it up.

A.      habit

B.      hobby

C.      custom

D.     like

37. Tom has got a decent ______ in a chemical factory.

A.      job

B.      employment

C.      work

D.     profession

38. The Dean ______ that the new teachers go through professional training before they started teaching.

A.      persisted

B.      insisted

C.      resisted

D.     assisted

39. The deadline is only three days away. We can’t ______ the waste of a single minute in doing the work.

A.      afford

B.      ignore

C.      agree

D.     take

40. He was unhappy with what he had written, but didn’t have the ______ to start it all over.

A.      trouble

B.      patience

C.      interest

D.     anxiety

      41. To take part in a space flight would be an exciting ______.

A.      adventure

B.      relaxation

C.      pleasure

D.     pastime

42. The unusually cold weather in spring may ______ the growth of wheat.

A.      hold up

B.      result in

C.      check up

D.     hold in

43. A strong wind was ______ the broken window.

A.      free from

B.      responsible for

C.      ready for

D.     sure of

44. He is tired of the city and ______ the woods and the country.

A.      looks into

B.      gives up

C.      makes use of

D.     longs for

45. Usually, picking flowers in a public park is ______.

A.      refused

B.      disturbed

C.      prevented

D.     prohibited

46. If you had to ______ between staying here alone or going with me, what would you do?

A.      arrange

B.      differ

C.      select

D.     choose

47. Have you ______ been to Canada in your life?

A.      always

B.      ever

C.      already

D.     yet

48. There was more than ______ rain and snow last year, so some parts of the country have been flooded this spring.

A.      extra

B.      efficient

C.      generous

D.     adequate

49. Be sure to ______ your work at the end of the exam.

A.      look over

B.      hang up

C.      set aside

D.     catch sight of

50. Tom had most probably ______ her for a another sort of girl.

A.      regarded

B.      viewed

C.      mistaken

D.     looked

II. Structure

51.   Mary is from New York, ______ population is larger than that of any other city in the United     States.

  1. its
  2. which
  3. whose
  4. that

52. The classroom is empty. I think they ______ to the library.

A.      should have gone

B.      must go

C.      may go

D.     must have gone

53. Suppose they didn’t come, what ______ you do?

A.      shall

B.      will

C.      can

D.     would

54. He rushed into the room, ______.

A.      sweat covered his face

B.      his face was covered with sweat

C.      sweat was covering his face

D.     his face covered with sweat

55. He insisted in a telegram that a medical team ______ to the flooded area immediately.

A.      should send

B.      is sent

C.      ought to send

D.     be sent

56. He is not happy ______ his wealth and fame as a successful physician.

A.      even though

B.      because of

C.      in spite of

D.     no matter how

57.     ______ you help, we would not be able to complete the work in time, I am afraid.

A.      Had we not had

B.      If not

C.      If we had not had

D.     Without

58. The more we look into the workings of the brain, ______  questions we are unable to answer.

    A. the fewer                               C. the less

    B. the more                                D. the least

59. ______ Christmas morning I raced to the fireplace and found nothing in my stocking.

A. In

B. During

C. On

D. At

60. If she ______, tell her I will call her back when I return.

A. calls

B. will call

C. is going to call

D. called

61. The police man acts ______ about the rights of the black people.

A. as if he cares

B. as if he cared

C. as if he will care

D. as if to care

62. The room is too small ______.

A. for us to live

B. we can’t live in

C. we can’t live

D. for us to live in

63. I should have come to the movie, but I ______ too busy.

A. was

B. were

C. had been

D. am

64. Such problems ______ air, water and noise pollutions, are becoming more and more serious.

A. like

B. as

C. of

D. about

65. Their assignments ______, Tom and Bob went to play tennis in the court.

A. are done

B. doing

C. done

D. did

66. I had difficulty ______ your home. It took me almost one hour and a half.

A. to find

B. finding

C. for finding

D. of finding

67. New York is the city ______ she is longing to visit.

A. where

B. in which

C. what

D. that

68. The town was deadly quiet ______ a few dogs’ barks.

A. except

B. except for

C. besides

D. apart from

69. She promised her parents to write ______ while she was away.

A. other day

C. other days

B. every other day

D. any other day

70. What did you put in your suitcase? It’s almost ______ mine.

A. four times heavier

B. four times as heavy as

C. heavier than four times

D. as heavy as four times

71. “I have forgotten my bread.” “Never mind, you can have ______.”

A. some of us

B. some of our

C. some of ours

D. some of themselves

72. She is fat ______ her age.

A. as

B. in

C. of

D. for

73. “Would you mind opening the window?” ______.

A. No, you can’t open now

B. Yes, please.

C. No, of course not.

D. Yes, you may open

74. If you don’t go, ______ I.

A. nor shall

B. neither do

C. nor don’t

D. so do

75. ______ hard she tried, she did not pass the exam.

A. However

B. Whenever

C. Whoever

D. Whatever

76. He told me that he wouldn’t attend the party ______invited.

A. without

B. because

C. unless

D. since

77. ______ a reply, he decided to write a letter to her again.

A. Having not received

B. Not received

C. Not having received

D. Not receiving

78. The bridge ______ next year will be very long.

A. being built

B. to be built

C. built

D. building

79. The officer gave order that soldiers ______ to go out at night.

A. shouldn’t allow

B. be not allowed

C. not be allowed

D. mustn’t be allowed

80. Mary was caught in a traffic jam and by the time she arrived at the airport her father’s plane ______.

A. took off

B. had already taken off

C. was taken off

D. had already been taken off

III. Error Detection

81. I apologize for keeping you waiting for so a long time.

                 A   B              C      D

82.The teacher went over and took the student by his hand.

               A             B                C  D

83. It was stupid for her to make such a mistake.

      A       B   C                D

84. Let her choose first. If she chose the red one, I will take the blue one.

    A        B                     C                        D

85. The old woman sat there used to be a famous singer.

                  A            B      C     D

86. The girl who came to help is a friend of my sister.

               B          C                D

87. Go on doing the other exercise after you have finished this one.

         A                B                        C          D

88. How exciting it is to play or watching a game after a day of study or work.

        A                           B              C               D

89. I don’t think this is wise to draw a picture in such a hurry.

              A     B                             C     D

90. If only you’d put the meat in the oven on time, it is ready now.

              A         B                   C            D

91. The teacher spoke loudly so that everyone could listen to him.

                A              B                    C           D

92. On Sundays the supermarkets are full of good things and crowd with people.

                                 A       B         C          D

93. Do you know why must a student at the Open University have access to a radio and a

                     A             B                     C             D 


94. Walk is a good form of exercise for both young and old.

     A         B            C           D  

95. He told me that I was definite overweight and that I should make an effort to lose some.

                A           B                      C                                     D

96. They hit their opponents at the football matches and won the cup in the end.

        A                    B                             C              D

97. Great changes have been taken place in my hometown, and a lot of tall buildings have been

                        A                                      B      C

set up.


98. Bread and butter were all the food she had.

         A           B     C                D

99. It took him a few minutes drawing the picture.

         B     C              D

100. The price of keeping a person in prison for a year is very great.

          A           B               C                           D

101. Looking from the flying airplane, the Yangtze River appears to be a beautiful blue ribbon.

          A             B                                   C          D

102. He was looking impatient at the guests, who showed no sigh of leaving.

                       A                      B            C       D

103. I was really looking forward to hear from you and was very disappointed when you didn’t

                          A           B                           C

give me any reply.



104. Everyone in our class thinks it is urgent that he goes to see a doctor about his health

                             A      B                   C

right away.


105. Even ten days later, she was still too frightened to believe that she could survive the air crash.

                     A                        B           C                    D

106. I’d like to buy that new model recorder but which is too expensive for me at present.

               A              B                    C                               D

107. During the war, however, the United States could neither sold its raw materials, nor buy

                                                    A      B                           C

manufactured goods in European markets.


108. Good manners are important in all countries, but way of expressing good manners are

            A                                         B         C

different from country to country.


109. If anyone happens to call while I am out of the office, have them leave a message for me.

                    A                           B                  C                     D

110.      I remembered clearly to see Mary talking with Bush at the Christmas party the previous

                            A                   B                                   C

week, but now she denied seeing him there.


IV. Reading Comprehension

Passage One

Questions 111 to 115 are based on the following passage 

One hundred and thirteen million Americans have at least one bank-issued credit card. They give their owner automatic credit in stores, restaurants, and hotels, at home, across the country, and even abroad, and they make banking services available as well. More and more of these credit cards can be read automatically, making it possible to withdraw or deposit money in different places, whether or not the local branch bank is open. For many of us the “cashless society” is not in the sky--it’s already here.

While computers offer these conveniences to consumers, they have many advantages for sellers too. Electronic cash registers can do much more than simply record sales. They can keep a wide rage of records, including who sold what, when, and to whom. This information allows businessmen to keep track of their list of goods by showing which items are being sold and how fast they are moving. Decisions to reorder or return goods to suppliers can then be made. At the same time these computers record which hours are busiest and which employees are the most efficient, allowing personnel and staffing assignments to be made. And they also identify preferred customers for promotional campaigns. Computers are relied on by manufacturers for similar reasons. Computer-analyzed marketing reports can help to decide which products to emphasize now, which to develop for the future, and which to give up. Computers keep track of goods in stock, of raw materials on hand, and even of the production process itself.

Numerous other commercial enterprises, from theaters to magazine publishers, from gas and electric utilities to milk processors, bring better and more efficient services to consumers through the use of computers.

111. According to the passage, the credit card enables its owner to ______.

A.      cash money where he wishes to

B.      obtain more convenient services than other people do

C.      enjoy greater trust from the storekeeper

D.     withdraw as much money from the bank as he wishes

112. From the last sentence of the first paragraph we learn that ______.

A.      in the future all the Americans will use cash

B.      credit cards are rarely used in the U.S. today

C.      nowadays many Americans do not pay in cash

D.     it is now more convenient to use credit cards and cash than before

113. Which of the following is TRUE?

A.      Electronic cash registers can keep various records.

B.      Electronic cash registers can simply record sales.

C.      Electronic cash registers make decisions.

D.     Electronic cash registers can analyze markets and make decisions themselves.

114. The word “enterprise” in the last paragraph most probably means ______.

A.      market

B.      product

C.      businessmen

D.     business

115. What is this passage mainly about?

A.      Approaches to the commercial use of computers.

B.      Conveniences brought about by computers in business.

C.      Significance of automation in commercial enterprises.

D.     Advantages of credit cards in business.

Passage Two

Questions 116 to 120 are based on the following passage

Have you ever suddenly felt that someone you knew was in trouble—and he was? Have you ever dreamed something that came true later? Maybe you have ESP(超感官知觉).

ESP stands for Extrasensory Perception. It may be called a sixth sense. It seems to let people know about events before they happen, or events that are happening some distance away.

Here’s an example: A woman was ironing clothes. Suddenly she screamed, “My father is dead! I saw him sitting in the chair!” Just then, a telegram came. The woman’s father died of a heart attack. He died sitting in a chair.

There are thousands of stories like this one on record. Scientists are studying them to find out what’s behind these strange mental messages. Here’s another example – one of hundreds of dreams that have come true.

A man dreamed he was walking along a road when a horse and carriage came by. The driver said, “There’s room for one more.” The man felt the driver seemed dead, so he ran away. The next day, the man was getting on a crowded bus. The bus driver said, “There’s room for one more”. Then the man saw that the driver’s face was the same face he had seen in the dream. He wouldn’t get on the bus. As the bus drove off, it crashed and burnt into flames. Everyone was killed!

116. This article is mainly about ______.

A.      the human mind

B.      the human dream

C.      the sixth sense

D.     a crowded bus

117. ESP lets people know ______.

A.      about events before they happen

B.      about events after they happen

C.      about events that happening some distance away

D.     both a and c

118. In the fifth paragraph the word “room” probably means ______.

A.      space that is enough for a person

B.      apartment

C.      a part of a house

D.     place occupied by a family

119. By studying ESP, scientists may get to ______.

A.      learn how people tell lies

B.      know more about human dreams

C.      know more about human mind

D.     learn how strange things happen

120. According to the passage, the author believes that the sixth sense is ______.

A.      in existence

B.      inexistent

C.      executive

D.     inexecutable

Passage Three

Questions 121 to 125 are based on the following passage

If you judge by the number of people who go to see the games and by the number who actually play it, basketball is probably the most popular sport in the United States of America today. It is mainly an indoor game, and the season extends from late fall, through the winter, to early spring.

There are many professional basketball teams and excellent players; but for the most part, basketball is a school sport. There is hardly a high school or college or institute or university in the country that does not have its team and its local followers of fans.

In spring and summer, the most popular sport in the United States is baseball. During the warm weather you can see young men and boys playing this game in any part of the country. Radio and television bring the details of the big games to every corner of the land, and the activities of the professional teams and their best players are a topic of conversation for Americans everywhere.

In the fall, the most popular sport is football. As you know, this is not the same kind of game that is so popular in other parts of the world. Like basketball and baseball, American football is typically American, and those who have never seen it before have difficulty seeing any sense in it. But for most of the people who watch it, the game itself is not so important as the music, the cheering and the festive spirit that go with it. On a cool, bright autumn afternoon, there is nothing so colorful and so interesting and so exciting as an American football game.

121. The most popular sport in the United States of America is ______ if you judge by the number of people who go to see the game and actually play it.

A.      football

B.      baseball

C.      volleyball

D.     basketball

122. The passage says that almost every school or college has a ______ and its fans.

A.      basketball team

B.      football team

C.      basketball match at weekends

D.     baseball match on Saturday afternoon

123. In this passage, the word “fall” means ______.

A.      drop

B.      spring

C.      autumn

D.     winter

124. In spring and summer, what is the commonest topic of conversation for American everywhere?

A.      It is about the most exciting football match.

B.      It is about the basketball stars and their teams.

C.      It is about the difference between American football and football in the other countries.

D.     It is about the activities of the professional baseball teams.

125. According to the passage, which of the following is right?

A.      On a cool, bright autumn afternoon, the most colorful and exciting thing is an American football game.

B.      American football is the same kind of game that is so popular in other parts of the world.

C.      American young men and boys like to play baseball in cold weather.

D.     Baseball is usually played indoor so the sport is the most popular in any season in U.S.A.

Passage Four

Questions 126 to 130 are based on the following passage

A habit is something we do very often. We do not think when we are doing it. We can have good habits or bad habits.

Early to bed, early to rise,

Make a man healthy, wealthy and wise.

This is an old English saying. Have you heard it before? It means that we must go to bed early and get up early in the morning. If we do, we shall be healthy. We shall be rich and clever.

Is it true? The body must have enough sleep. Children of your age need ten hour’s sleep every night. If you do not have enough sleep, you cannot think and do your work properly. You will not be wise and you may not become wealthy.

Some people go to bed late at night and get up late in the morning. This is not good for them. We must sleep at night when it is dark. When the daylight comes, we must get up. This is the time for exercise. Exercise means doing things with the body. Walking, running, jumping, swimming, playing games are all exercise. Exercise keeps body strong.

Exercise helps the blood to move around inside the body. Blood takes food to all parts of our bodies. The brains in our heads also need blood. We think with our brains. If we keep our bodies healthy, and take exercise, we can think better!

Our bodies also need air to breathe. We must have plenty of clean, fresh air to breathe if we want to be healthy.

126. A habit is something we do ______ .

A.      every day

B.      twice a day

C.      every week

D.     very often

127. Children of your age need ______ .

A.      twelve hour’s sleep

B.      nine hour’s sleep

C.      ten hour’s sleep

D.     eleven hour’s sleep

128. Exercise makes the body ______ .

A.      clever

B.      weak

C.      strong

D.     wealthy

129. If we want to be healthy, wealthy and wise, we must go to bed ______ .

A.      late and get up late

B.      early and get up early

C.      early and get up late

D.     right after dinner

130. The best time to sleep is when ______ .

A.      it is day light

B.      it is dark

C.      we are taking exercise

D.     near an open window

Passage Five

Questions 131 to 135 are based on the following passage

Not long ago, I was invited out to dinner by a girl called Sally. I had only met Sally twice, and she was very, very beautiful. I was flattered. “She likes me,” I thought. But I was in for a disappointment.

“I’m so sorry we asked you at such short notice,” she said when I arrived, “but we suddenly realized there were going to be thirteen people at the table, so we just had to find somebody else.”

A superstition(迷信). Thirteen. The unlucky number. Recently I came upon a little group of worried people, gathered round a man lying on the pavement(人行道)beside a busy London road. They were waiting for an ambulance, because the man had been knocked down by a passing taxi. Apparently he had stepped off the pavement and into the street, to avoid walking under a ladder.

They say this superstition goes back to the days when the gallows(绞架)were built on a platform. To get up on to the platform you had to climb a ladder. To pass under the shadow of that ladder was very unlucky….

Other superstitions are not to be easily explained. To see a black cat in England is lucky. But if you see a black cat in India, it is considered very unlucky. There too, if you are about to set out on a long journey, and someone sneezes, you shouldn’t go.

Break a mirror—you will have seven year’s bad luck. Find a four-leafed flower, you will have good luck. Just crazy superstition, of course.

I have an African friend. One day he said to me: “If ever an African says to you that he is not superstitious, that man is a liar.”

Perhaps that is true of all of us.

131. Why did Sally invite him?

A.      Sally regarded the writer as a close friend.

B.      Sally would like to have more people at the dinner.

C.      Sally invited him in order to avoid the unlucky number thirteen.

D.     Sally wanted to have one more person so that they could have thirteen people.

132. What does the word “flattered” mean in the first paragraph?

A.      Pleased.

B.      Satisfied.

C.      Interested.

D.     Surprised.

133. What happened to the man lying on the pavement?

A.      He stepped off the street and into the pavement.

B.      He was knocked down by a passing taxi.

C.      He walked under a ladder.

D.     He was waiting for an ambulance.

134. In the last sentence, the writer suggested that ______ .

A.      all of us are superstitious

B.      all of us are liars

C.      all Africans are superstitious

D.     all Africans are liars

135. Which is the best title of the passage?

A.      Unlucky Number 13

B.      Bad Luck

C.      Liars

D.     Superstition

Passage Six

Questions 136 to 140 are based on the following passage

Why do we laugh? For years scientists have asked themselves this question. No other animals laugh and smile—only human beings. So does laughter help us to survive in any way? The answer seems to be that smiling and laughter help us to relax, reduce tension and prevent illness which are caused by stress. Laughter really is the best medicine!

But if you’re unhappy, it can’t do you any good to smile, can it? Not true. Apparently, the positive effects of smiling are just the same whether you feel like smiling or not. Scientists in California asked a group of actors to act five different feelings: happiness, sadness, anger, surprise and fear—just using their faces. Changes in their heart rate, blood pressure and temperature were written down. Most of the feelings they acted didn’t cause changes, but when the actors smiled their heart rate and their blood pressure went down. This happened even though they were only acting! So even if we feel sad inside, smiling seems to make us feel better.

A sense of humor also helps to keep things in perspective. Interfering friends or a flat tire won’t seem quite so bad if you can see the funny side. So if you find yourself in a stressful situation, try to imagine how it must seem to an outsider with a sense of humor and let yourself laugh. A psychologist writes: “If you try to show a positive reaction instead of a negative one, this will eventually become a part of their personality. If you start to laugh, in time you will actually become happier.

136. This article tells us that ______ .

A.      laughter is very important

B.      laughter is the best medicine

C.      laughter is very useful

D.     laughter is very helpful

137. Laughter can help us ______ .

A.      be happy and relax

B.      relax and reduce tension

C.      prevent illnesses caused by stress

D.     both B and C

138. What happened to the actors when they smiled?

A.      No changes were caused.

B.      They felt happier.

C.      Their heart rate and blood pressure went down.

D.     They liked smiling more than before.

139. What did the scientists in California do?

A.      They acted five different feelings.

B.      They said smiling seemed to make us feel better.

C.      They let actors act five different feelings.

D.     They said smiling couldn’t do us any good.

140. In the last paragraph, the word “personality” means ______ .

A.      character

B.      quality

C.      habit

D.     particular person

Passage Seven

Questions 141 to 145 are based on the following passage

The greatest recent social changes have been in the lives of women. During the twentieth century there has been a remarkable shortening of the proportion of a woman’s life spent in caring for children. A woman marrying at the end of the nineteenth century would probably have been in her middle twenties, and would be likely to have seven or eight children, of whom four or five lived till they were five years old. By the time the youngest was fifteen, the mother would have been in her early fifties and would expect to a further twenty years, during which custom, opportunity and health made it unusual for her to get paid work. Today women marry younger and have fewer children. Usually a woman’s youngest child will be fifteen when she is forty-five and can be expected to live another thirty-five years and is likely to take paid work until retirement at sixty. Even while she has the care of children, her work is lightened by household appliances and convenience foods.

This important change in women’s life-pattern has only recently begun to have its full effect on women’s economic position. Even a few years ago most girls left school at the first opportunity, and most of them took a full-time job. However, when they married, they usually left work at once and never returned to it. Today the school-leaving age is sixteen, many girls stay at school after that age, and though women tend to marry younger, more married women stay at work at least until shortly before their first child is born. Very many more afterwards return to full or part-time work. Such changes have led to a new relationship in marriage, with the husband accepting a greater share of the duties and satisfactions of family life, and with both husband and wife sharing more equally in providing the money, and running the home, according to the abilities and interests of each other.

141. For women at the beginning of the twentieth century, the amount of time spent taking care of children ______.

A.      was shorter than in previous centuries

B.      was longer than in previous centuries

C.      was considered to be surprisingly long

D.     accounted for a great part of their lives

142. When she was over fifty, the late nineteen-century mother ______.

A.      would be healthy enough to take up paid employment

B.      was usually expected to die fairly soon

C.      would expect to work until she died

D.     was unlikely to find a job even if she wanted one

143. According to the passage, the woman of today usually ______.

A.      marries instead of getting paid work

B.      marries before she is twenty-five

C.      has more children under fifteen

D.     has too few children

144. Many girls, the passage claims, are now likely to ______.

A.      give up their jobs for good after they are married

B.      leave school as soon as they can

C.      marry so that they can get a job

D.     continue working until they are going to have a baby

145. Nowadays, a husband tends to ______.

A.      play a greater part in looking after the children

B.      help his wife by doing most of the housework

C.      feel dissatisfied with his role in the family

D.     take a part-time job so that he can help in the home

Passage Eight

Questions 146 to 150 are based on the following passage

In general, people talk about two groups of colors: warm colors and cool colors. Researchers think that there are also two groups of people: people who prefer warm colors and people who prefer cool colors.

The warm colors are red, orange, and yellow. When there are warm colors and a lot of light, people usually want to be active. People think that red, for example, is exciting. Sociable people, those who like to be with others, like red. The cool colors are green, blue and violet. These colors, unlike warm colors, are relaxing. Where there are cool colors, people are usually quiet. People who like to spend time alone often prefer blue.

Red may be exciting, but one researcher says that time seems to pass more slowly in a room with warm colors than in a room with cool colors. He suggests that a warm color, such as red or orange, is a good color for a living room or restaurant. People who are relaxing or eating do not want time to pass quickly. Cool colors are better for offices or factories if the people who are working there want time to pass quickly.

People associate colors with different objects, feelings, and holidays. Red, for example, is the color of fire, heat, blood and life. People say red is an exciting and active color. They associate red with a strong feeling like anger. Red is used for signs of danger, such as STOP signs and fire engines. The holiday which is associated with red is Valentine’s Day. On February 14, Americans send red hearts to people they love.

Green is the cool color of grass in spring. People say it is a refreshing and relaxing color. However, they also associate green with feeling of guilt, fear, and envy. Many people wear green on St. Patrick’s Day, March 17.

In conclusion, color is very important to people. Warm and cool colors affect how people feel. People choose products by color. Moreover, color affects how an object looks. It is even possible that your favorite color tells a lot about you.

146. ______ are cool colors.

A.      Red, blue and purple

B.      Blue, violet and yellow

C.      Green, blue and violet

D.     Yellow, red and blue

147. According to the article, ______ might be a good color for being alone.

A.      red

B.      orange

C.      violet

D.     blue

148. The color red makes people think of ______.

A.      danger and anger

B.      guilt and fear

C.      dignity and fear

D.     fire and water

149. When a person is envious, he is said to be ______.

A.      blue with envy

B.      white with envy

C.      green with envy

D.     pink with envy

150. It can be concluded that people’s favorite color ______.

A.      is not important to their jobs

B.      shows their intelligence

C.      tells a lot about them

D.     shows their education

V. Cloze

Passage One

Thank you for the gift sent to me and I was pleased to receive your letter, asking what advice I would  1  you on how to become a newspaper reporter in the future.

First, learn  2  to use a typewriter. This is one of the things you are  3  to do. You can  4  learn the skill in school or buy a book that explain how to teach yourself.

At school you should learn how to  5  and write your own language well besides the other subjects. Outside your school there are  6  many things you can do to prepare yourself for a newspaper job. When you read a newspaper story notice how it is  7  . You should also  8  some time discovering how your city government works and how some of the business meetings are going on. The  9  you know about them, the more successful you will be.

10  you have any questions I haven’t answered clearly in this letter, please write to me again.

1. A. write

B. give

C. tell

D. make

2. A. how

B. why

C. when

D. well

3. A. important

B. clever

C. able

D. limited

4. A. quickly

B. possibly

C. either

D. also

5. A. learn

B. read

C. use

D. grasp

6. A. also

B. even

C. either

D. neither

7. A. written

B. made

C. invented

D. sold

8. A. save

B. waste

C. spend

D. take

9. A. well

B. more

C. earlier

D. greater

10. A. If

B. Since

C. Though

D. Unless

Passage Two

Kites have been flown in Japan for more than a thousand years. The children of Japan love to make and fly kites. The kites are  11  many shapes and sizes. Some look like bats.   12  are shaped  13  circles or squares. Pictures  14  on most of them.

For the New Year and on the Boy’s Day, the men fly kites. They hope their sons will  15  to be strong and brave, like kites  16  in the sky.

The young men of Japan have kite battles. The men form groups and each group makes a big kite. Some of the kites are  17  . Speed is needed to  18  the kites in the air.   19  cars are used to pull them along.

Kites are not used just for flying. In Japan they are used to make rooms  20  . Kites are put in frames, or they can be just printed on the wall.

11. A. at

   B. for

   C. of

   D. from

12. A. The other

   B. Others

   C. The others

   D. Another

13. A. like

   B. alike

   C. for

   D. likely

14. A. are painted

   B. paint

   C. are painting

D. are to be painted

15. A. grow

   B. grow fast

   C. grow up

   D. be grown up

16. A. flying

   B. fly

   C. to fly

   D. flown

17. A. thirty-feet long

   B. thirty foot long

   C. thirty-foot length

   D. thirty feet long

18. A. rise

   B. raise

   C. risen

   D. be raised

19. A. Sometime

   B. Sometimes

   C. Some time

   D. Some times

20. A. looked bright

   B. looked brightly

   C. look bright

   D. to look bright

Passage Three

Here are two cars. They may 21 day take the place of today’s big cars. 22 we use such cars in the future, there will be 23 space for parking cars in cities, and the streets will be less crowded. Three such cars can park in the same space that is needed for 24 of today’s cars. The little cars will be very 25, too, because these little cars can go at a speed of only 65 kilometers per hour.

The cars of future will be fine for getting into a city, but they will 26 be useful for long trips. If the car is powered by 27 , it will have two batteries—one for the motor and the other for the lights. If the little cars run on gas, they will go 450 kilometers 28 it needs to stop for more gas.

If big cars are still used 29 the small ones, we must build two sets of 30 , one for the big, fast cars and the other for the small, slow ones.

21. A. other

   B. any

   C. every

   D. some

22. A. Although

   B. If

   C. But

   D. So

23. A. more

   B. less

   C. no

   D. little

24. A. one

   B. three

   C. four

   D. five

25. A. slow

   B. fast

   C. safe

   D. cheap

26. A. only

   B. not

   C. always

   D. no

27. A. engines

   B. motors

   C. gas

   D. electricity

28. A. when

   B. as

   C. after

   D. before

29. A. more than

   B. along with

   C. less than

   D. instead of

30. A. motors

   B. stores

   C. roads

   D. garages

Passage Four

    In traditional education, the teacher may feel that the students are not very grown up. Usually, teachers are older than students,  31  teachers feel that students are  32  and do not know very much about the  33  . The teachers feel that they must tell the students  34  to do most of the time, and that they must also  35  the students study specific things. In open education, the teacher’s  36  are very different. These teachers feel that the students are individuals first, and students second. They  37  the students to be responsible  38  the things that they do, just as adults are. A student’s ideas and feelings are just as important as the teacher’s. The teacher allows the students to decide what they want to do, and does not make them study what they do not want 39  . The teacher lets them decide what to study and how  40  to study. It’s very important for the teacher to show how he or she feels for the students.

31. A. and             B. however          C. still                D. yet

32. A. older           B. young            C. youngest             D. old

33. A. universe        B. culture          C. world                D. civilization

34. A. that            B. what             C. how                  D. which

35. A. force           B. ask              C. order                D. make

36. A. feelings        B. interests        C. methods              D. ways

37. A. like            B. hope             C. expect               D. help

38. A. in              B. for              C. to                   D. with

39. A. for             B. to               C. about                D. of

40. A. much            B. well             C. hard                 D. simple

VI. Translation

Part A   Translate the following Chinese into English.

1. 日落是自然界中最美丽的景观之一。

2. 我们花了两小时才做出一项决定。

3. 学说话的孩子学会说话并非由于总是有人纠正他。

4. 你计划什么时候读完那本书?

5. 在一些国家,失业者被迫去乞讨。

6. 她的成功鼓舞了我们所有的人更加努力工作。

7. 这件工作持续了两年半。

8. 我花了一个星期的时间才读完这本书。

9. 实验证明这种理论是正确的。

10. 你可以想象他是多么的悲伤。

11. 唯一显得容易学的语言是母语。

12. 我怎样才能知道什么该做,什么不该做呢?

13. 我给他的(钱)是我通常给搬运工的两倍。

14. 南希虽然很想参加辩论,但腼腆得不敢开口。

15. 这个村庄是以矗立在它前面的那座高山命名的。

Part B  Translate the following English into Chinese.

1. She doesn’t want to go to the park. Neither do I.

2. This might be the reason why he failed time and again.

3. She really didn’t know how to protect her children from catching cold.

4. New friends and experiences will help children grow in understanding.

5. For over sixty years, he has served the country heart and soul.

6. My friend did not appear until six o’clock.

7. I hope I shall never have to deal with him.

8. Whatever the trouble, they have to struggle on with their lives, they have no choice.

9. After the spring rains the young trees are growing quickly.

10. No plan seems too difficult for him to realize.

11. The earlier the better, as far as I am concerned.

12. The work is easy for an expert, while it is difficult for an inexperienced person.

13. They looked both ways before crossing the street.

14. Without the distraction of TV, they might sit around together and talk to one another.

15. If it hadn’t for your help, we couldn’t have succeeded in the experiment within such a short period of time.