英语模拟试卷

模拟试卷

 

Part One   Vocabulary and Structure  (词汇与结构)  30%

Directions: In this part, there are thirty incomplete sentences. Choose the best one from the four choices after each sentence to complete the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1. The ______ is a piece of land which is away from towns and cities.

A. space                   B. country                    C. place                        D. village

2. When people are waiting for a bus, or in a post office, he ______ his turn.

A. wants                   B. gets                         C. waits                       D. takes

3. “Do you regret paying ten dollars for the book?” “No, I would gladly pay ______ for it.”

A. twice as much       B. as much twice          C. twice so much          D. much twice

4. Once you ______ used to the weather here, you ______ this place.

A. get, probably liked                                     B. get, will probably like

C. will get, probably like                                 D. had got, probably liked

5. They refused ______ that a wrong decision had been made.

A. to know               B. to realize                   C. to recognize              D. to say

6. I have two novels. ______ is in English, ______ is in Japanese.

A. A, one                   B. One, another             C. One, the another       D. One, the other

7. Tom has only enough money to make change for a ______ bill.

A. ten-pounds            B. tens-pound               C. ten-pound                 D. tens-pounds

8. He was unhappy with what he had written, but didn’t have the ______ to start it all over.

A. interest                  B. trouble                     C. patience                   D. anxiety

9. Julia was caught in a traffic jam and by the time she arrived at the airport her father’s plane ______.

A. was taken off                                           B. had already taken off

C. took off                                                   D. had already been taken off

10. He insisted in a telegram that a medical team ______ to the flooded area immediately.

  A. be sent                 B. should send              C. is sent                      D. ought to send

11. He is tired of the city and ______ the woods and the country.

A. looks into              B. makes use of            C. gives up                   D. longs for

12. Only after his death ______ considered correct.

A. was his theory       B. his theory was          C. did his theory            D. had his theory

13. Mr. Smith ______ the suggestion that some tapes in our lab should be replaced.

  A. put away              B. put forward              C. put down                 D. put out

14. Mary is from New York, ______ population is larger than that of any other city in the United States.

  A. its                        B. whose                      C. which                      D. that

15. My teacher was made ______ his teaching because of poor health.

  A. give up                 B. to give up                C. given up                   D. giving up

16. He is not happy ______ his wealth and fame as a successful physician.

  A. even though          B. in spite of                 C. because of                D. no matter how

17. Be sure to ______ your work at the end of your test.

  A. look over              B. set aside                   C. hang up                    D. catch sight of

18. You must walk slowly if you want the children to ______ you.

  A. hold on                 B. catch up with            C. keep up with             D. put up with

19. The bridge ______ next year will be very long.

  A. to be built             B. being built                 C. built                         D. building

20. As soon as the little boy ______ his mother, he ran towards her as fast as possible.

  A. caught sight of      B. got rid of                  C. caught up with         D. got hold of

21. He told me that he wouldn’t attend the party ______ invited.

  A. without                 B. unless                      C. because                    D. since

22. He was able to ______ his anger and avoid a fight.

  A. hold back              B. keep on                    C. let off                      D. cut out

23. Their assignments ______ , Peter and Jefferson went to play football on the playground.

  A. are done               B. done                        C. doing                       D. did

24. These flowers smell ______.

  A. pleasantly              B. pleasant                    C. pleasure                   D. pleased

25. The United States could not become a great advanced country ______ the labor of the newcomers.

  A. in                         B. out                           C. without                    D. with

26. When we boys got old enough to learn trades in school, we wanted to ______ the old house.

  A. fix up                   B. set up                       C. make up                   D. turn up

27. He turned his head aside and walked straight ______ me.

  A. passed                  B. pass                         C. past                         D. pasted

28. It would be nice if you paid me a visit ______.

A. some time             B. sometimes                C. some times               D. sometime

29. ______ gets the job will have a lot of work to do.

  A. The person           B. Whoever                  C. Who                        D. Anyone

30. No sooner ______ left the stadium ______ it began to rain.

  A. had they, then        B. did they, than            C. had they, than           D. they did, then

Part Two  Reading Comprehension  (阅读理解)30%

Directions: In this part, there are three passages. After each passage, there are five questions or incomplete sentences. After each question or incomplete sentence there are four choices. Choose the one that best answers the question or completes the sentence and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage One  

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage 

One hundred and thirteen million Americans have at least one bank-issued credit card. They give their owner automatic credit in stores, restaurants, and hotels, at home, across the country, and even abroad, and they make banking services available as well. More and more of these credit cards can be read automatically, making it possible to withdraw or deposit money in different places, whether or not the local branch bank is open. For many of us the “cashless society” is not in the sky--it’s already here.

While computers offer these conveniences to consumers, they have many advantages for sellers too. Electronic cash registers can do much more than simply record sales. They can keep a wide rage of records, including who sold what, when, and to whom. This information allows businessmen to keep track of their list of goods by showing which items are being sold and how fast they are moving. Decisions to reorder or return goods to suppliers can then be made. At the same time these computers record which hours are busiest and which employees are the most efficient, allowing personnel and staffing assignments to be made. And they also identify preferred customers for promotional campaigns. Computers are relied on by manufacturers for similar reasons. Computer-analyzed marketing reports can help to decide which products to emphasize now which to develop for the future, and which to give up. Computers keep track of goods in stock, of raw materials on hand, and even of the production process itself.

Numerous other commercial enterprises, from theaters to magazine publishers, from gas and electric utilities to milk processors, bring better and more efficient services to consumers through the use of computers.

31. According to the passage, the credit card enables its owner to ______.

A. cash money where he wishes to

B. obtain more convenient services than other people do

C. enjoy greater trust from the storekeeper

D. withdraw as much money from the bank as he wishes

32. From the last sentence of the first paragraph we learn that ______.

A. in the future all the Americans will use cash

B. credit cards are rarely used in the U.S. today

C. nowadays many Americans do not pay in cash

D. it is now more convenient to use credit cards and cash than before

33. Which of the following is TRUE?

A. Electronic cash registers can keep various records.

B. Electronic cash registers can simply record sales.

C. Electronic cash registers make decisions.

D. Electronic cash registers can analyze markets and make decisions themselves.

34. The word “enterprise” in the last paragraph most probably means ______.

A. market                B. businessmen             C. product                    D. business

35. What is this passage mainly about?

A. Approaches to the commercial use of computers.

B. Conveniences brought about by computers in business.

C. Significance of automation in commercial enterprises.

D. Advantages of credit cards in business.

Passage Two

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage

In general, people talk about two groups of colors: warm colors and cool colors. Researchers think that there are also two groups of people: people who prefer warm colors and people who prefer cool colors.

The warm colors are red, orange, and yellow. When there are warm colors and a lot of light, people usually want to be active. People think that red, for example, is exciting. Sociable people, those who like to be with others, like red. The cool colors are green, blue and violet. These colors, unlike warm colors, are relaxing. Where there are cool colors, people are usually quiet. People who like to spend time alone often prefer blue.

Red may be exciting, but one researcher says that time seems to pass more slowly in a room with warm colors than in a room with cool colors. He suggests that a warm color, such as red or orange, is a good color for a living room or restaurant. People who are relaxing or eating do not want time to pass quickly. Cool colors are better for offices or factories if the people who are working there want time to pass quickly.

People associate colors with different objects, feelings, and holidays. Red, for example, is the color of fire, heat, blood and life. People say red is an exciting and active color. They associate red with a strong feeling like anger. Red is used for signs of danger, such as STOP signs and fire engines. The holiday which is associated with red is Valentine’s Day. On February 14, Americans send red hearts to people they love.

Green is the cool color of grass in spring. People say it is a refreshing and relaxing color. However, they also associate green with feeling of guilt, fear, and envy. Many people wear green on St. Patrick’s Day, March 17.

In conclusion, color is very important to people. Warm and cool colors affect how people feel. People choose products by color. Moreover, color affects how an object looks. It is even possible that your favorite color tells a lot about you.

36. ______ are cool colors.

  A. Red, blue and purple                                 B. Blue, violet and yellow

  C. Green, blue and violet                                D. Yellow, red and blue

37. According to the article, ______ might be a good color for being alone.

  A. red                       B. orange                      C. violet                       D. blue

38. The color red makes people think of ______.

  A. danger and anger                                      B. guilt and fear

  C. dignity and fear                                        D. fire and water

39. When a person is envious, he is said to be ______.

  A. blue with envy                                          B. green with envy

  C. white with envy                                        D. pink with envy

40. It can be concluded that people’s favorite color ______.

  A. is not important to their jobs                      B. shows their intelligence

  C. tells a lot about them                                 D. shows their education

Passage Three

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage

Like many of my generation, I have a weakness for hero worship. At some point, however, we all begin to question our heroes and our need for them. This leads us to ask: What is a hero?

Despite immense differences in cultures, heroes around the world generally share a number of characteristics that instruct and inspire people.

A hero does something worth talking about. A hero has a story of adventure to tell and community who will listen. But a hero goes beyond mere fame.

Heroes serve powers of principles larger than themselves. Like high-voltage transformers, heroes take the energy of higher powers and step it down so that it can be used by ordinary people.

The hero lives a life worthy of imitation. Those who imitate a genuine hero experience life with new depth, enthusiasm, and meaning. A sure test for would-be heroes is what or whom do they serve? What are they willing to live and die for? If the answer or evidence suggests they serve only their own fame, they may be famous but not heroes. Madonna and Michael Jackson are famous, but who would claim that their fans find life more abundant?

Heroes are catalysts(催化剂) for change. They have a vision from the mountaintop. They have the skill and the charm to move the masses. They create new possibilities. Without Gandhi, India might still be part of the British Empire. Without Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King. Jr., we might still have segregated buses, restaurants, and parks. It may be possible for large-scale change to occur without leaders with magnetic personalities, but the pace of change would be slow, the vision uncertain, and the committee meetings endless.

41. Although heroes may come from different cultures, they ____.

A. generally possess certain inspiring characteristics

B. probably share some weaknesses of ordinary people

C. are often influenced by previous generations

D. all unknowingly attract a large number of fans

42. According to the passage, heroes are compared to high-voltage transformers in that ____.

A. they have a vision from the mountaintop

B. they have warm feelings and emotions

C. they can serve as concrete examples of noble principles

D. they can make people feel stronger and more confident

43. Madonna and Michael Jackson are not considered heroes because ____.

A. they are popular only among certain groups of people

B. their performances do not improve their fans morally

C. their primary concern is their own financial interests

D. they are not clear about the principles they should follow

44. Gandhi and Martin Luther King are typical examples of outstanding leaders who ____.

A. are good at demonstrating their charming characters

B. can move the masses with their forceful speeches

C. are capable of meeting all challenges and hardships

D. can provide an answer to the problems of their people

45. The author concludes that historical changes would ____.

A. be delayed without leaders with inspiring personal qualities

B. not happen without heroes making the necessary sacrifices

C. take place if there were heroes to lead the people

D. produce leaders with attractive personalities

Part Three  Cloze (完形填空) 10%

Directions: Choose the best one from the four choices marked A, B, C and D to complete the following passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

   In traditional education, the teacher may feel that the students are not very grown up. Usually, teachers are older than students,  46  teachers feel that students are  47  and do not know very much about the  48  . The teachers feel that they must tell the students  49  to do most of the time, and that they must also  50  the students study specific things. In open education, the teacher’s  51  are very different. These teachers feel that the students are individuals first, and students second. They  52  the students to be responsible  53  the things that they do, just as adults are. A student’s ideas and feelings are just as important as the teacher’s. The teacher allows the students to decide what they want to do, and does not make them study what they do not want _54 . The teacher lets them decide what to study and how  55  to study. It’s very important for the teacher to show how he or she feels for the students.

46. A. and                   B. however                   C. still                          D. yet

47. A. older                B. young                      C. youngest                 D. old

48. A. universe             B. culture                     C. world                     D. civilization

49. A. that                   B. what                       C. how                        D. which

50. A. force                B. ask                          C. order                       D. make

51. A. feelings              B. interests                   C. methods                  D. ways

52. A. like                    B. hope                        C. expect                     D. help

53. A. in                      B. for                          C. to                            D. with

54. A. for                    B. to                           C. about                      D. of

55. A. much                B. well                         C. hard                       D. simple

Part Four  Error Detection  (找出错误) 10%

Directions: In this section, there are ten sentences. In each sentence there is one mistake. Find it out and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

56. I apologize for keeping you waiting for so a long time.

             A   B         C      D

57. Everyone in our class thinks it is urgent that he goes to see a doctor about his health right

A      B                          C                                                  D

away.

58. I’d like to buy that new model recorder but which is too expensive for me at present.

                    A                B                              C                                          D

59. Let her choose first. If she chose the red one, I will take the blue one.

      A            B                         C                                D

60. The price of keeping a person in prison for a year is very great.

               A         B                        C                                  D

61. The girl who came to help is a friend of my sister.

                    A     B                C                  D

62. He told me that I was definite overweight and that I should make an effort to lose some.

                       A                B                            C                                                  D

63. If anyone happens to call while I am out of the office, have them leave a message for me.

                          A                                     B                         C                              D

64. Walk is a good form of exercise for both young and old.

        A            B                   C              D  

65. If only you’d put the meat in the oven on time, it is ready now.

                 A             B                          C             D

Part Five  Translation  (翻译) 20%

Section A  Translate the following into English.

66. 学说话的孩子学会说话并非由于总是有人纠正他。

67. 这个村庄是以矗立在它前面的那座高山命名的。

68. 就我们学生而言,这个安排是令人满意的。

69. 尽管大伟爱他的女儿,他对她十分严格。

70. 约翰尼已经长大成熟,不再害怕独自呆在家里了。

Section B  Translate the following into Chinese.

71. Whatever the trouble, they have to struggle on with their lives, they have no choice.

72. Without the distraction of TV, they might sit around together and talk to one another.

73. She really didn’t know how to protect her children from catching cold.

74. Tests have proved that you can breathe fresh air day and night without its doing any harm to the body.

75. If it hadn’t for your help, we couldn’t have succeeded in the experiment within such a short period of time.

川北医学院成人教育学院